Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood and the symptoms can persist into adolescence and adulthood (see Figure).1 ADHD is neurodevelopmental disorder that manifests as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity/impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development.2
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- American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. (DSM-5®). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Attention - deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- Lara C, Fayyad J, De Graaf R, et al. Childhood predictors of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: results from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative. Biol Psychiatry. 2009;65(1):46-54.
- Ebejer JL, Medland SE, Van der werf J, et al. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Australian adults: prevalence, persistence, conduct problems and disadvantage. PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e47404.
- Barkley RA, Fischer M, Smallish L, Fletcher K. The persistence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder into young adulthood as a function of reporting source and definition of disorder. J Abnorm Psychol. 2002;111(2):279-289.
- Kessler et al. The Prevalence and Correlates of Adult ADHD in the United states: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Am J Psychiatry. 2006; 163:716-723.
- Kessler RC, Berglund P, Chiu WT, et al. The US National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R): design and field procedures. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2004;13(2):69-92.